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The influencing factors of main coking coal price are mainly analyzed from the aspects of coking coal price composition, pricing mechanism, supply and demand relationship and other influencing factors.
Price composition of main coking coal: As a non-renewable energy, coking coal plays an irreplaceable role in the "coal-coke-steel" industrial chain, and its ore price is the basis of the entire industrial chain. From the perspective of paid use of resources and sustainable development, its full cost includes production cost, resource cost, environmental cost, ecological cost, conversion cost and so on.
Coke futures are marked by coke concentrate and lean coke coal. After coal mining, raw coal is transported to coal washery. After washing, gangue in raw coal is removed to become clean coal. Therefore, the cost of coking coal includes the cost of raw coal, transportation and washing. The cost of raw coal is affected by geological conditions, mining conditions and management level, accounting for more than 90% of the cost of coking coal.
According to cost subdivision, raw coal cost includes production cost, management cost, operating cost and financial cost. According to the situation in 2010, the production cost of coking raw coal accounted for about 80%. Because of the different geological conditions and the depth of coking coal burial, the production cost of raw coal is different. Take Shanxi as an example, the production cost is between 300 yuan, while Inner Mongolia is around 200 yuan.
Resource cost mainly refers to the system of paid use of coal resources. The system of paid use of coal resources refers to that the exploration and exploitation of coal resources should reasonably bear the cost of acquisition of mining rights, environmental management and ecological restoration of coal mines, as well as the cost of safe production, in accordance with the principle of market economy. The environmental cost mainly includes the sustainable development fund, the mine ecological environment restoration guarantee fund and the coal mine conversion development fund (three funds). From the trend, the overall fluctuation of raw coal cost is not large, basically around 300 yuan/ton. The cost of clean coal is around 500 yuan/ton, calculated according to the washing rate of a general coal washery of 60%, without considering other costs and costs. Besides pithead price, coal can also be divided into car plate price, factory price, factory price, warehouse price, CIF price, warehouse price and ship plate price according to the circulation links.